Symptoms of Glaucoma Vary Depending on the Type

Loss of Peripheral Vision

For patients with open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the condition, there are often no obvious symptoms until the disease has progressed. Over time, this disease causes irreversible blind spots in your peripheral vision.

Sudden Vision Changes

Acute angle-closure glaucoma, in contrast, occurs suddenly. Patients may experience intense eye pain, headaches, blurry vision, halos around lights, nausea, or vomiting. 

High IOP

Most forms of glaucoma cause higher-than-normal intraocular pressure (IOP). If you have high IOP, you are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma and should regularly attend eye exams.

Am I at risk for glaucoma?

Genetics Play a Large Role in Your Risk for Glaucoma

While anyone can develop glaucoma, this condition is three to four times more likely to affect African Americans and Hispanics than non-Hispanic whites. This disease is also more common in patients over the age of 40

Other factors that can increase your chance of developing glaucoma include:

  • A family history of the condition
  • Near- or farsightedness
  • Thin corneas
  • Previous eye trauma
  • Diabetes
  • Migraines
  • Poor blood circulation

So how does glaucoma cause vision loss?

High IOP and Optic Nerve Damage

Fluid Builds Up in the Eye

IOP is a delicate balance that is heavily influenced by aqueous humor, the fluid that fills the space between the cornea and the intraocular lens. When this fluid is overproduced or cannot properly drain from the eye, it causes increased IOP.

Pressure Damages the Optic Nerve

Over time, high IOP results in damage to the optic nerve. As the nerve deteriorates, blind spots begin to appear in your visual field. Left untreated, glaucoma eventually leads to blindness. In normal tension glaucoma (NTG), the optic nerve can become damaged in spite of normal IOP.

Take a closer look at how glaucoma affects the eye...

Is there any hope for my eyes?

Preventing Vision Loss

While you may not be able to prevent glaucoma entirely, there are steps you can take to detect it early and limit the effects on your vision.

Regular Eye Exams

Visiting our office at least once a year for an exam allows your doctor to identify warning signs for glaucoma and begin treatment early.

Avoid Smoking

Researchers have found a link between smoking and glaucomaAvoiding tobacco products may help lower your risk of developing glaucoma.

How do I find out if I have glaucoma?

We Can Diagnose Glaucoma during Your Regular Eye Exam

During your exam, we can use non-contact tonometry (NCT) to measure IOP. The test involves administering a gentle puff of air to the surface of your eye and takes less than five minutes to complete.

non-contact tonometry

We may also use visual field testing to assess your peripheral vision and determine if you are experiencing any loss of vision. We can also use gonioscopy to check if the fluids in your eyes are draining properly. 

What are my treatment options?

Advanced Solutions Tailored to Your Needs

Eye Drops

Typically, medicated eye drops are the first treatment option for glaucoma. Depending on your needs, we may recommend a drop that reduces fluid production or one that improves the drainage process.

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iStent

The iStent is placed during a minimally invasive procedure. We place two tiny devices into the trabecular meshwork, which is the tissue responsible for draining aqueous humor from your eye. This procedure can allow fluid to drain properly so you can maintain proper IOP.

SLT

Selective laser trabeculoplasty also helps fluid drain from your eye. After your eyes are numbed, a specialized laser opens the meshwork to improve the flow of fluid.

Nutritional Options

When used alongside other treatments, a healthy diet can promote eye health. We can recommend types of foods, such as leafy greens and fish, that can improve your overall health.

Treatment Can Reduce the Risk of Blindness

*According to a study published in 2011

At Wicker Park Eye Center, we are equipped to help you control glaucoma and protect your vision.

Do I really need a doctor?

Early Diagnosis Can Prevent Vision Loss

Glaucoma is a progressive condition that often presents no early symptoms. The best way to prevent vision loss is to catch the disease before it can cause irreversible damage. Our team provides comprehensive eye exams and can identify risk factors and early signs of glaucoma before it is too late.

"The BEST CUSTOMER SERVICE!  This is how people should do their job. The staff is SUPER Friendly and Nice.  The atmosphere at this clinic is so calm and clean. Everyone is relaxed and doing their job. Thank you so much Wicker Park Eye Center for the great experience on my visit."

Girl K.

Wicker Park Eye Center

At Wicker Park Eye Center, our team is dedicated to providing state-of-the-art care in a family-friendly environment. With one board-certified ophthalmologist and two optometrists, we offer a range of advanced treatment options. To learn more about our doctors, click on their links below.

For more information, contact our office online or call (773) 376-2020 today.

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I have visited Wicker Eye Park Center a few times, with each visit I have received excellent service. Dr. Tepper is the best ophthalmologist that I have seen in many years. He, like his staff, is also courteous respectful and very professional. Juan B.

Message

I have visited Wicker Eye Park Center a few times, with each visit I have received excellent service. Dr. Tepper is the best ophthalmologist that I have seen in many years. He, like his staff, is also courteous respectful and very professional. Juan B.

Chicago Office

2222 W Division St
Suite 135 Chicago, IL 60622

Open Today 8:30am - 5:00pm

Open one Saturday per month

More Info Directions (773) 376-2020

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Chicago Office

2222 W Division St
Suite 135 Chicago, IL 60622

Open Today 8:30am - 5:00pm

Open one Saturday per month

More Info Directions (773) 376-2020

Message

I have visited Wicker Eye Park Center a few times, with each visit I have received excellent service. Dr. Tepper is the best ophthalmologist that I have seen in many years. He, like his staff, is also courteous respectful and very professional. Juan B.