During an eye exam, your child’s eye doctor will evaluate their ocular health. The doctor will also check for any signs of wandering, a difference in vision between the eyes, or poor vision in one or both eyes. They may use eye drops to dilate the eyes which can cause blurred vision for several hours.
Eye exams are painless and should cause your child little to no distress. In most cases, you will stay in the room with your child during the exam. For very young children, the doctor may ask you to hold them on your lap to help them remain calm and still.
Your child’s age and stage of development will determine the method of diagnosis used.
Preverbal children: Your child’s doctor can use a lighted microscope to detect cataracts. They may also perform tests to assess how well your child can focus their gaze and follow a moving object.
Children three and older: The doctor will check each eye individually by using an eye patch. Tests using pictures and letters can help determine if your child’s vision is clear.